Thursday 29 December 2016


A person’s Christology, what he thinks concerning Christ’s identity and work, reveals whether his faith is genuine or not—and more.

Jesus is the name given by his parents whereas Christ (Messiah) is a title, meaning anointed or chosen one. Jesus Christ is the perfect God-man. He is 100% God and 100 % man. Any teaching that deviates from this central bedrock truth is suspect.

According to the Bible, Jesus Christ is both fully human and fully divine.

Firstly, He had to be a man because He had to die on the cross and pay the penalty for our sins so that the demands of God’s righteousness and justice can be satisfied (Colossians 2:13-14). Without the shedding of blood, there is no remission of sins (Hebrews 9:22). 

Secondly, He had to be a man in order to be identified with man’s vulnerability to temptations—yet without falling into sin (Hebrews 4:15). Christ came to show us that He could fulfil all the demands of the law as a perfect man (Matthew 5:17, 1 Peter 2:22).

Next, He has to be divine, spotless and untainted by sin, so that the ‘once and for all’ sacrifice of His life (Hebrews 9: 11-14) is counted as worthy to redeem man from the penalty of sin—spiritual death or eternal separation from God. 

If Christ is not divine, how could He forgive sins in the course of His ministry on earth? A man filled with the power of the Holy Spirit can perform miracles. But can a mere man forgive sins? Before healing the paralytic who was brought to Him on a stretcher from the roof, Jesus demonstrated His authority and ability to forgive sins (Mark 2:1-11). Jesus also forgave the woman caught in the act of adultery (John 8:10-11).

A person’s theology about Christ’s identity and work (Christology) is one of the ways by which we evaluate whether a believer’s faith is genuine or not. It also helps us determine whether a teacher is of God or not.

One day, Jesus posed this crucial question to his disciples: “Who do you think Jesus is?” Notice Peter’s reply and its significance.

Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” And they said, “Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” And Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.
(Matthew 16:13-17)

Is it possible for a born again believer, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, to say that Christ is merely a great man or miracle worker?

A person’s Christology, what he thinks concerning Christ’s identity and work, has important implications regarding the genuineness of his faith. It is God the Father who reveals to Peter that Christ is divine. Isn't it logical to infer that whoever who fails to see Christ as divine but merely as a great man, teacher or prophet does not have God's revelation and therefore does not belong to God?

If he belongs to God, and the Holy Spirit is in him, he would have been enlightened about His divinity (Matthew 16:13-17).

Just as no one can say Jesus is Lord, except by the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:3), no one can say Jesus is divine except by the Holy Spirit. Conversely, no one with the Holy Spirit would say that Jesus is merely a great man, teacher or prophet.

Anyone who teaches that Christ has come in the flesh is from God. That means God has become incarnate in the person of Jesus Christ.

“By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you heard was coming and now is in the world already” (1 John 4: 2-3).

“And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth” (John 1:14).

Teachers who profess to be believers but fail to see Jesus as the Christ (Messiah) but view Him as merely a holy man or great teacher do not know God. This is because enlightenment about Christ’s God-man uniqueness is not based on one’s intellect but through the revelation of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 16:13-17).

“Who is a liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist who denies the Father and the Son” (1 John 2: 22). So whoever denies Christ’s deity is condemned.

What will be your response as a believer if a so-called Christian leader comes and shows you that he is able to perform miraculous acts—great signs and wonders—but does not believe that Christ is fully man and fully divine?

Here are the answers:
“For many deceivers have gone out into the world, those who do not confess the coming of Jesus Christ in the flesh. Such a one is the deceiver and the antichrist. Watch yourselves, so that you may not lose what we have worked for, but may win a full reward. Everyone who goes on ahead and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God. Whoever abides in the teaching has both the Father and the Son” (2 John 7-9).

“Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’ And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’ (Matthew 7:21-23).

From the above two passages in 2 John and Matthew 7,  we realise that it is possible for believers to be deceived by those who can perform signs and wonders but do not genuinely know Christ—God who became incarnate, fully divine and fully man.

One of the purposes of sound doctrine is that it warns us about deception; it keeps us from being deceived. Doctrine can be likened to road signs that help us travel safely, stay on course, without crashing out. It is easy to be mesmerised by miracle workers but if we would just pause to examine their Christology, we would have been sufficiently warned about the danger of deception.

What a person thinks concerning Christ’s identity and work (Christology) has important implications. A person’s Christology reveals to us whether his faith is genuine or not and also tells us whether he is a teacher come from God or not.

Failure to see Christ as fully God and fully man is not merely something academic. It shows that the person’s faith is not genuine or that he is not a teacher come from God.


Is it biblical for a Christian leader to teach that Jesus set aside his divinity and performed miracles as a MAN empowered by the Holy Spirit?

Christology is the study of the Person and work of Jesus Christ.

Wednesday 21 December 2016


Thinking of pursuing theological studies? Here are five noble objectives to consider.

If our goal of pursuing theological studies is to merely satisfy our intellectual curiosity or expand our intellectual capacity, then we have misplaced priorities.

What are some noble objectives to consider before embarking on formal theological education?

Firstly, it is to know what God considers good and desirable so that we are able to please Him and glorify His name (Ezra 7:10).

Secondly, it is to impact the world around us, whether in a small way through our social circle or in a wider context. This can take the form of witnessing, loving deeds or written works.

Thirdly, it is to apply theology to practical, down to earth issues such as career, marriage, family life, personal finance, inter-personal relationship and balanced wholesome living (Luke 2:52).

Fourthly, it is to help us to be more confident and better prepared in giving an answer to anyone who asks us what is the reason for our hope (1 Peter 3:15).

Fifthly, it is to help us maintain a steady course in our spiritual journey so that we can obtain the ultimate reward of salvation, eternal life. Otherwise, we may start well but fail to end up in paradise due to various factors such as failure to overcome sin, deception and persecution (Matthew 24: 9-13).

Similarly, the purpose of this blog is to help believers fulfil all the above goals:

  • Studying the Bible first-hand, like the Bereans, scrutinising any teaching against scripture (Acts 17:11).

  • Making the truth simple and easily understood for believers.

  • Helping people in their day-to-day living by showing the relevance of ancient scripture.

  • Developing confidence in sharing and defending the faith when approached by pre-believers.

  • Helping people cultivate perseverance in their spiritual journey. In particular, strong emphasis has been laid on recognising deception and discerning false teachings and false supernatural manifestations that mimic the works of the Holy Spirit.
Need for balance

Whilst renewing the mind is an important key to spiritual transformation, we must not put intellectual pursuit on a pedestal and neglect other key areas like love, obedience and the role of the Holy Spirit.

George Verwer of Operation Mobilisation recalled the time when he went with someone to the office of Billy Graham. None of the office staff noticed them except the receptionist. They were too pre-occupied with an evangelistic campaign to pay attention to outsiders. Then Graham walked in and started shaking hands with everybody. He went over to greet both Verwer and his friend. Though much busier than the office staff, he had time to spare for others. He was full of warmth and love. Similarly, ministers and theologians must remain down-to-earth and be able to connect with ordinary folks.

For all his scholarship (he wrote most of the books in the New Testament), Paul was neither cold nor aloof. He demonstrated unconditional love for the believers at Corinth: “I will gladly spend myself and all I have for you, even though it seems that the more I love you, the less you love me” (2 Corinthians 12:15).

Jesus was equally at home whether he was preaching, attending a wedding, dining with sinners or blessing the children—equally spiritual and human. He had no difficulty connecting with people from different social strata. Even so, we must not allow intellectual superiority or prowess to create a barrier between us and ordinary folks.

Recognising the role of the Holy Spirit and being able to sense His leading are just as important as renewing our minds with the Word. Someone rightly puts it: “Too much Word and you dry up, too much Spirit and you blow up, the Word and the Spirit and you grow up”.

We need to check ourselves if we have been long on doctrine and short on practice. At the end of the day, head knowledge must grow in tandem with loving acts and practical ministry.

Ivory tower mentality

If we merely stay in our ivory tower of intellectual excellence—not allowing scripture to touch or change us and the people around us for the better—we have wasted the years we have arduously spent pursuing formal theological studies.

In itself, the pursuit of knowledge—even formal theological education—cannot be seen as a believer’s highest and most desirable goal but only as a means to an end. Man’s chief goals in life are to know God, enjoy His presence, make an impact in the world and glorify His name.

Caveat: We should love God not only with all our heart and strength but our mind as well. As such, this post is not to discourage those who aspire to improve their understanding of the Bible through pursuing formal theological studies. Rather, it is an attempt to help them think through their goals and what they hope to achieve—armed with a theological degree.

“People are not quite interested in the amount of theological knowledge we may have. They want to see to what extent our lives have been transformed by the knowledge we have in your head. They want to know how that knowledge can be applied to practical issues everyone faces in everyday life such as crisis, finances, broken relationships, worry, anxiety and depression. They need to understand how theology can help them overcome temptation, deception and the wiles of the devil. They want to learn how to persevere and finish well in their spiritual race. They want to be better equipped in sharing their faith. And, finally, they want to see how well we can communicate deep theological issues and concepts in simple terms that even the layperson can understand. It is inconceivable and illogical that we should keep theology within the classroom, away from the issues of everyday life, and keep it so high up in the “spiritual stratosphere” that a layperson can never hope to access, let alone grasp.”
               -       Porridge for the Soul


Is the impact we make in this world directly proportional to the number of theological degrees we have under our belt?

Serious personal Bible study a la the Bereans is needed so that we will not be deceived or put to shame. However, there is no harm learning from others who are gifted in teaching.

Teachers are specially gifted in the study and exposition of scriptures. That said, is it possible to have understanding that surpasses that of teachers?

How to develop discernment and escape the clutches of destructive heresies.

We know the truth, not only by the reason, but also by the heart. Man cannot know God through the rational process—no matter how great his intellect. Faith, the means by which man comes to know God, is not against reason; it transcends reason. Reason may help to build faith but it (reason) can never ultimately bring a person to know God.

More than ever before we need to be like the Bereans in our approach to understanding the truth

Thursday 15 December 2016


Christians are all sinners saved by God’s grace. This happens when we put our faith in Christ, whose blood cleanses us from our sins (Ephesians 2:8-9).

However, faith is not merely intellectual assent. We must act out our faith. Faith has to be matched by action.

Would Abraham be deemed a man of great faith if he had not responded to God’s call to leave the comfort of his home to go to a promised land of abundant blessings (Genesis 12:1-2)? By the way, he did not even know where he was supposed to go (Hebrews 11:8).

In another instance, Abraham’s faith shone when he obeyed God's command to sacrifice Isaac. “Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up his son Isaac on the altar? You see that faith was active along with his works, and faith was completed by his works” (James 2:21-22).

How could he possibly obey such a difficult command? Abraham had incredible faith that God was able to miraculously raise his son from the dead in order to fulfil the divine promise that many descendants will arise through Isaac (Hebrews 11: 17-19).

When confronted with God’s promise and command, which seemed to contradict each other, Abraham went ahead to obey the command (sacrifice Isaac), leaving God to take care of His promise (descendants through Isaac).

“No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God, fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised” (Romans 4:20-21).

Similarly, Noah was a man of great faith. Would he have pleased God if he had not built the ark according to God’s instructions?

“By faith Noah, being warned by God concerning events as yet unseen, in reverent fear constructed an ark for the saving of his household. By this he condemned the world and became an heir of the righteousness that comes by faith” (Hebrews 11:7).

Next, let’s move on to the New Testament, which further reinforces the fact that faith is not merely intellectual assent but action.

In Ephesians, we are saved (forgiven and made righteous in God’s sight) by faith. But what comes next? We have to live a life evidenced by good works.
  • God’s part: “For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast” (Ephesians 2:8,9).
  • Our part: “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them” (Ephesians 2:10).

In Philippians, we also see a parallel to the foregoing passage in Ephesians. God works in us, helping us to obey Him. But we too have to work out our salvation with fear and trembling.
  • Our part: “Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling” (Philippians 2:12).
  • God’s part:  “For it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure” (Philippians 2:13).

Thus, when we embrace God’s grace and mercy, we have to live out our faith with a sense of personal responsibility.

Let’s examine now another account where Jesus expected a forgiven sinner to turn over a new leaf.

Most believers are familiar with the account of the woman caught in the act of adultery (John 8:3-11). The crowd gathered around her and wanted to stone her.

But Jesus said, “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.”

Finally, when the crowd dispersed, Jesus asked her, “Woman, where are those accusers of yours? Has no one condemned you?”

She said, “No one, Lord.”

And Jesus said to her, “Neither do I condemn you; go and sin no more.”

While the adulterous lady was forgiven, she was also told to repent of her sinful lifestyle.

This short account has deep theological implications. The recipient of God’s love and mercy ought to show evidence of change in thought and behaviour. In other words, the sinner has to repent.

The kind of faith that truly saves must involve repentance—a change in thought, behaviour, goals, aspirations and lifestyle as well.

Just as the adulterous lady had to stop sinning and seek restoration with her husband, the thief should stop stealing and find honest work (Ephesians 4:28). Those who love to lie and gossip must stop their negative behaviour. Those who make idols should start looking for alternative jobs or businesses.

Sometimes, repentance involves a drastic change at great personal cost: “Many who became believers confessed their sinful practices. A number of them who had been practicing sorcery brought their incantation books and burned them at a public bonfire. The value of the books was several million dollars” (Acts 19:18-19).

Mr. Practical, the apostle James, underscores for us the fact that genuine faith has to be evidenced by good works.
  • “Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead” (James 2:17).

  • “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also” (James 2:26).

Finally, we need to be reminded of the words of John the Baptist: “Prove by the way you live that you have repented of your sins and turned to God” (Matthew 3:8). “Bear fruits in keeping with repentance” (Luke 3:8).

Sometimes, we think that there is a serious contradiction between Paul’s teaching that we are saved by faith (Ephesians 2:8-9) and James’ teaching that genuine faith must be evidenced by works (James 2:17, 26). In fact, Martin Luther once had a low view of the book of James, calling it an “epistle of straw”.

However, this is only an apparent contradiction. Paul also taught that we have to work out our salvation in fear and trembling (Philippians 2:12). His fellow apostle, Peter reaffirmed the truth: “Dear brothers and sisters, work hard to prove that you really are among those God has called and chosen. Do these things, and you will never fall away” (2 Peter 1:10).

To embrace the truth, we have to imbibe the whole counsel of God, not just gravitate towards likeable portions of scripture. We have to embrace the whole Bible—and that means, in this context, not only the teachings of Paul but James as well.

Another common misunderstanding is that Jesus is merely the personification of grace. So does it mean we need not worry at all as God’s grace “settles everything” in our favour when we sin?

The fact is Jesus is the personification of both grace and truth (John 1: 14,17). The ‘truth attribute’ of Jesus means that He requires believers to be holy and righteous. As such, when we sin, we need to confess our sins and forsake our sinful ways, even though we have been saved by grace through faith.

In conclusion, we cannot claim to have genuine faith if we do not obey God or fail to repent— turn away from our sins and seek to live according to God’s ways. Faith without works is dead.

Faith: Active, Not Passive
“It would not be difficult to point out at least twenty-five or thirty distinct passages in the Epistles where believers are plainly taught to use active personal exertion, and are addressed as responsible for doing energetically what Christ would have them do, and are not told to “yield themselves” up as passive agents and sit still, but to arise and work. A holy violence, a conflict, a warfare, a fight, a soldier’s life, a wrestling, are spoken of as characteristic of the true Christian.”
Dr Michael L. Brown


The only way to know God and relate to Him is to embrace Him as He truly is—a God of grace, love and mercy AND a God of justice, righteousness and truth. To just know Him as either the former or latter is to live in complacency and indifference to sin OR guilt and despair over sin.

Knowing that God keeps us faithful till the end is not enough. We have to seek to understand His will for our lives and then live it out. In these end times when evil abounds, it is all the more important that we live intentionally and purposefully.

Some compare the Christian life to a walk in the park. They say everything is by faith. You just have to believe in what Jesus has done for you at the cross. Anything more than that smacks of self-effort, pride and legalism.

Monday 5 December 2016


How we can develop inner strength amid adversity

Our moods rise and fall like the ocean waves. We can be happy but, the next moment, we can quickly sink into depression.

Happiness is unpredictable as it depends on favourable circumstances. Joy, on the other hand, is constant as it looks towards a faithful, unchanging God.

Though the harvest failed and the farm animals died, Habakkuk could still rejoice in God.

“Though the fig tree should not blossom,
    nor fruit be on the vines,
the produce of the olive fail
    and the fields yield no food,
the flock be cut off from the fold
    and there be no herd in the stalls,
yet I will rejoice in the Lord;
    I will take joy in the God of my salvation.”
(Habakkuk 3:17-18)

Why? Because he knew that God is trustworthy and He will prove His faithfulness once again.
“The steadfast love of the Lord never ceases;
    his mercies never come to an end;
they are new every morning;
    great is your faithfulness.”
(Lamentations 3:22-23)

Writing from prison where he was incarcerated, Paul encouraged believers with a triumphant message: “Rejoice in the Lord always. Again I will say, rejoice” (Philippians 4:4).

Why was Paul joyful despite being trapped in a prison cell? He had a personal relationship with the living God and knew that he was fulfilling God’s purpose for his life. Even the dark and musty surroundings did not make him lose hope in God. As he looked forward to the eternal rewards that awaited him, his spirit was uplifted.

When trials and tribulations hit us, we should focus on Jesus’ example to gain inner strength and joy.

The writer of Hebrews reminds us to look to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God (Hebrews 12:2).

Jesus was able to endure the suffering because of the joyful prospect of seeing man reconciled to God. Out of the anguish of His soul, He shall be satisfied for many are made righteous (Isaiah 53:11).

How can we develop inner strength and joy despite the circumstances? Here are eight ways to help us:
  • Be positive about trials as they produce steadfastness (James 1:2-3)

  • Don’t be anxious or fearful because God’s presence is always with us (Romans 8:38-39)

  • Have faith in God and He will give us wisdom and strength (James 1:5, 2 Corinthians 12:9)

  • Affirm that the battle is God’s, not ours (2 Chronicles 20:12)

  • Worship God as if victory has already been secured (2 Chronicles 20:21)

  • With thanksgiving, prayerfully commit our anxieties to God (Philippians 4:6)

  • Believe that God’s power can do far more than what we ask or think (Ephesians 3:20)

  • Recalling God’s past faithfulness and mercies (Psalm 77:11)

As we seek God, we will be well wateredeven as we pass through a dry valley, like that of Baca.
Blessed are those whose strength is in you,
    in whose heart are the highways to Zion.
As they go through the Valley of Baca
    they make it a place of springs;
    the early rain also covers it with pools.
(Psalm 84:5-6)

After all, God promises to deliver those who know Him and depend on Him.
“Because he holds fast to me in love, I will deliver him;
    I will protect him, because he knows my name.
When he calls to me, I will answer him;
    I will be with him in trouble;
    I will rescue him and honor him.
(Psalm 91:14-15)

Finding inner strength and joy under adverse circumstances may be extremely difficult. But it is not impossible. If we meditate on the three examples above—lessons from the lives of Habakkuk, Paul and Jesus—things might be much easier to bear.

Thanks be to God who always causes us to triumph in Christ (2 Corinthians 2:14)!


Trials and tribulations can teach us a lot, especially in the areas of character and personal growth. Clearly, God has a purpose when He puts us through painful experiences.

When believers go through trials and tribulations, it is natural to ask God, “Why? Why does this have to happen to me?” In some instances, God remains silent and fails to grant us relief from our suffering.

God’s vision for our lives often revolves around our gifts—areas in which we shine like a star. Sometimes, this vision is birthed out of a scar, after we have gone through painful struggles.

Why we have to be steadfast in our journey of faith. What are the possible consequences if we fail to persevere?